65% of scald burns are caused by HOT liquid!!!
Tap water scald facts in children
Young children are especially vulnerable to burn-related injury and death. They do not perceive danger, have less control of their environment and have a limited ability to react promptly and properly to a burn situation. A child in hot water will scream, but may not withdraw from the water. Additionally, children’s skin is thinner than that of adults and therefore burns at lower temperatures and more deeply. For example, a child exposed to hot tap water at 140 ° for three seconds will sustain a third degree burn, an injury requiring hospitalization and skin grafts.Tap water scald burns, which most often occur in the bathroom, are associated with more deaths and injuries than those caused by others hot liquids. Burns resulting from exposure to tap water tend to be more severe and cover a larger portion of the body. Additionally, they result in more hospitalization and are associated with more fatalities than other hot liquid burns.
Tap water scald burns in children
Tap water scald burns account for 7% to 17% of all childhood scald burns that require hospitalization. Often the burns are severe and disabling. Toddlers and preschool children are the most frequent victims. In 45% of the injuries, the unsupervised victim or a peer turned on the tap water; in 28% the cause was abuse. Eighty per cent of the homes tested had unsafe bathtub water temperatures of 54°C (130°F) or greater, exposing the occupants to the risk of full thickness scalds with 30 second exposure to hot water. Such burns may be prevented passively by limiting household water temperatures to less than 52°C (125°F). New water heaters could be preset at this temperature and families could be taught to turn down the temperature on existing units.
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